Snatch

About

The snatch, along with the clean and jerk, is an Olympic weightlifting movement which requires a high level of coordination, balance and skill. As expected, it is performed by weightlifters that specifically compete in the discipline, but it also implemented within athletes training programs as a way of improving explosive strength, power and coordination.

The pulling of the barbell off the ground during the initial portion of the lift, along with the squat as the barbell is brought overhead, results in significant engagement of the ankle, knee and hip extender muscles. It is the power training of these muscle groups which makes the snatch, as well as the clean, great choices for inclusion within an athlete’s training program.

The shoulders, arm flexors and trapezius are heavily involved in bringing the barbell above the head, and are recruited in an isometric manner as the athlete maintains the bar overhead during the squat.


Sport uses

For developing all-round explosive strength and power, the snatch ticks all the boxes. The powerful triple extension of the ankles, knees and hips makes it an excellent choice for many sports, such as football, martial arts and athletics, which involve this dynamic action. The upper body is taxed both from the dynamic movement of bringing the barbell above the head, but also isometrically as the bar remains above the athletes head during the squat.


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Instructions

Preparation

  1. Load barbell with a suitable load and place on the safety collars
  2. Stand with your feet under the barbell, roughly taking a shoulder width stance
  3. Squat down and grasp the barbell with a wide grip, with your lower back arched and chest up

Execution

  1. Forcefully extend at your knees and hips to pull the barbell off the ground
  2. As the bar reaches knee level pull the barbell upward with your arms, continuing to extend at the knees and hips
  3. As the bar reaches shoulder level squat down to position yourself under the weight, in a squatting position with arms extended
  4. Extend at your knees and hips to ascend, keeping the bar pressed above your head
  5. Ascend until you are standing upright with the barbell extended above you
  6. Controllably lower the weight to the starting position
  7. Repeat for the desired number of repetitions
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